There are a number of steps that you and other family members can take to help prepare your young children to become readers and to support the reading habit once they are in school. These include:
Feed your child a diet of rich language experiences throughout the day. Talk with your infants and young children frequently in short, simple sentences. Tell stories, sing songs, recite nursery rhymes or poems, and describe the world around them to expose them to words. Name things. Make connections. Encourage your child's efforts to talk with you.
Try to read aloud to your children for 30 minutes daily beginning when they're infants. Ask caring adults to be your children's daily reader when you are unavailable.
Have your child's eyesight and hearing tested early and annually. If you suspect your child may have a disability, seek help. Evaluations and assessments are available at no cost to you. Call the early childhood specialist in your school system or call the National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities at 800-695-0285 (Voice/TTY).
Seek out childcare providers who spend time talking with and reading to your child, who make trips to the library, and who designate a special reading area for children.
Ask your child's teacher for an assessment of your child's reading level, an explanation of the approach the teacher is taking to develop reading and literacy skills, and ways in which you can bolster your child's literacy skills at home.
Limit the amount and type of television your children watch. Seek out educational television or videos from the library that you can watch and discuss as a family.
Set up a special place for reading and writing in your home. A well-lit reading corner filled with lots of good books can become a child's favorite place. Keep writing materials such as non-toxic crayons, washable markers, paints and brushes, and different kinds of paper in a place where children can reach them.
Visit the public library often to spark your child's interest in books. Help your children obtain their own library cards and pick out their own books. Talk to a librarian, teacher, school reading specialist, or bookstore owner for guidance about what books are appropriate for children at different ages and reading levels.
You are your child's greatest role model. Demonstrate your own love of reading by spending quiet time in which your child observes you reading to yourself. Show your child how reading and writing help you get things done every day -- cooking, shopping, driving, or taking the bus.
If your own reading skills are limited, consider joining a family literacy program. Ask a librarian for picture books that you can share with your child by talking about the pictures. Tell family stories or favorite folktales to your children.
Consider giving books or magazines to children as presents or as a recognition of special achievements. Special occasions, such as birthdays or holidays, can be the perfect opportunity to give a child a new book.
Connect your children with their grandparents and great-grandparents. Encourage them to read books together, talk about growing up, tell stories, and sing songs from their generation.
Ask about free readings and other programs at bookstores in your community.