In the first couple of months following the birth of their baby, the majority of women don't experience any major health concerns and will revert back to their prepregnant health status. However, it's good practice to have a general assessment to reassure you that you are well and coping with the early transition to motherhood.
Your postpartum checkup is an ideal opportunity for you to consult your doctor about any concerns you have following the birth of your baby. Any worries about yourself can be discussed at this appointment, from your mood to any apprehensions about having sex again. Your doctor will offer you advice and possibly treatment, and will also be able to refer you to a specialist for further treatment if necessary.
Your doctor will do routine checkups, such as taking your blood pressure. He or she will also ask if you have any concerns, how you're feeding your baby, and, if you are breast-feeding, whether you've had any problems with your breasts and lactation.
Your uterus will have returned to nearly its prepregnancy size (about the size of the palm of your hand) and will not be able to be felt. However, your doctor may check your abdomen to see if the muscles are returning to normal since occasionally the abdominal muscles separate after birth, known as "diastasi recti." If the muscles are more than four fingers apart, you may be referred to a physical therapist. Pilates and core conditioning exercises can help and your doctor may talk to you about these exercises.
Backaches can be a problem after the birth, exacerbated by the pregnancy hormone relaxin , which softens muscles and ligaments and remains in the body for a few months after pregnancy. If you're suffering from backaches, your doctor may talk to you about your posture, particularly when you're carrying or feeding your baby, and about the benefits of exercise.
If you had a cesarean, the incision will be looked at to check that it has healed well. You may still feel numbness around the site of the incision, but sensation should gradually return as the nerve endings renew themselves.
If you haven't had a Pap smear in the last three years, you will likely be given one on the spot, unless you're bleeding heavily.
Checking your bladder
You will be asked if you have problems urinating, and may be asked for a urine sample if you have symptoms such as frequent urination or stinging when passing urine. Stress incontinence, or leaking urine , is common after childbirth, so don't feel embarrassed to mention this to your doctor. He or she may encourage you to do Kegel exercises , and if the problem persists you may be referred to a physical therapist for bladder-training exercises.
If you're still sore from stitches, your doctor will check that these are healing properly. Although most stitches are absorbable, they can take up to three months to completely absorb. Bathing can sometimes help the stitches absorb, but if you continue to have problems your doctor may recommend Sitz baths two or three times a day or a topical anesthetic cream (see also Perineal problems).
Your baby's heart rate will be listened to and the doctor will monitor and check his breathing.