Signs of LD?

Find out what signs to look for in your child when you suspect a learning disability.
My five-year-old son doesn't seem to have a long attention span. He can't sit still for more than two minutes at a time. He also can't grasp concepts like ABC order or phonics. Are these signs of LD? Should I have him tested?
You're a very wise parent to be aware of some of the difficulties your son is experiencing early. Children who receive early intervention for LD have the best outcomes. The Coordinated Campaign for Learning Disabilities (CCLD) notes these common signs of learning disabilities in young children:

Speaks later than most children
Pronunciation problems
Slow vocabulary growth, often unable to find the right word
Difficulty rhyming words
Trouble learning numbers, alphabet, days of the week, colors, shapes
Extremely restless and easily distracted
Trouble interacting with peers
Difficulty following directions or routines
Fine motor skills slow to develop

It's important to realize that parents will see some of these signs in most children at one time or another. However, if you see several of them over an extended period of time, it might be worthwhile to have LD ruled out.

You can get a free booklet about learning disabilities from the Coordinated Campaign for Learning Disabilities by going to their website at or calling them at 1-888-GR8-MIND. If you decide to have your son formally evaluated, CCLD can help you locate a professional in your area who can help or you can ask your school system to assess him.

Many of the behaviors you are describing are not unusual for a five-year-old boy, but they should not be overlooked. There are many things you can do to help your son with early reading skills right now. If you go back to the home page of, you will find many ideas for working with your son at home. I also recommend that you have a look at Susan Hall and Louisa Moats' book, Straight Talk About Reading: How Parents Can Make a Difference During the Early Years.

For more than 20 years, Eileen Marzola has worked with children and adults with learning disabilities and attention deficit disorders, and with their parents and teachers. She has been a regular education classroom teacher, a consultant teacher/resource teacher, an educational evaluator/diagnostician, and has also taught graduate students at the university level. Marzola is an adjunct assistant professor of education at Teachers College, Columbia University, and Hunter College of the City University of New York. She also maintains a private practice in the evaluation and teaching of children with learning disabilities and attention deficit disorders.

Please note: This "Expert Advice" area of should be used for general information purposes only. Advice given here is not intended to provide a basis for action in particular circumstances without consideration by a competent professional. Before using this Expert Advice area, please review our General and Medical Disclaimers.