Family name origins & meanings
- Jewish (Ashkenazic) : variant spelling of Levin.
- English, North German, and Dutch : from the Germanic personal name represented by Old English Lēofwine, Saxon Liafwin, composed of the elements lēof ‘dear’, ‘beloved’ + wine ‘friend’.
- English and Scottish : habitational name from places called Leven in East Yorkshire, Fife, and Renfrew. The first is probably from a stream name, possibly derived from a Celtic word meaning smooth (as in Welsh llyfyn). The Scottish place name is from a Gaelic river name meaning ‘elm river’.
- Dutch and North German : from a Flemish saint’s name, Lefwin (Lieven), the patron saint of Ghent (see Lewin 2).