Summer Birthdays - FamilyEducation

Expert Advice

Summer Birthdays

Elementary School Expert Advice from Barbara Potts

My son will barely be six years old when he starts first grade in September. His kindergarten teacher is suggesting that he go to pre-first grade -- she believes he's too young. What should I do?
School can be difficult for children (especially boys) with summer birthdays. In most states, a child with an August birthday will be placed in a class with children almost a year older. This sets up the child for comparison with children whose behavior, fine motor skills, and developmental level are more advanced.

You do have a difficult decision. Research has shown that retention increases the likelihood that a child will drop out of school when he reaches the legal age to do so. You also don't want your son to be frustrated each year when he is in a class with older children.

Talk with the school counselor. Ask what screening is available through the school to help you with this decision. A developmental screening test such as the Gesell School Readiness Test can help you understand your son's readiness to go to first grade. Ask the counselor also about observing your son in his classroom. The counselor could then give you an objective opinion about his readiness in comparison to the other children. You could also observe the pre-first- and first-grade classrooms and talk with the teachers to find out what will be expected of him in each place.

Barbara Potts has worked as an elementary school counselor for many years. She has a BA in psychology from Wake Forest University, and an M.Ed. in Guidance and Counseling from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

Please note: This "Expert Advice" area of should be used for general information purposes only. Advice given here is not intended to provide a basis for action in particular circumstances without consideration by a competent professional. Before using this Expert Advice area, please review our General and Medical Disclaimers.