Quiz: Ancient Greek Games - FamilyEducation

Quiz: Ancient Greek Games

Test your knowledge about athletic contests in ancient Greek history and myth.

Quiz

Test your knowledge about athletic contests in ancient Greek history and myth.

1. The Olympic games were held every four years from 776 B.C. (date of the first recorded Olympics) to:

  • 480 B.C., when they were interrupted by the Battle of Thermopylae.
  • 80 B.C., when the Roman General Sulla moved the games to Rome.
  • 393 A.D., when the Christian Emperor Theodosius I abolished them.

2. The earliest Olympic games comprised foot races exclusively. What was the first new type of contest to be added to the Games?

  • Chariot racing
  • Pentathlon
  • Boxing

3. Which two city-states vied for control of the Olympic Games?

  • Athens and Corinth
  • Elis and Pisa
  • Sparta and Ithaca

4. Athletic games were held at funerals, religious celebrations, and other public events. The largest games were attended by citizens of all the Greek city-states, who would declare a truce if they were at war. The Olympic games are the most famous of the four Panhellenic games. Which are the other three?

  • Hyacinthian, Delian, Panathenaean
  • Thesmophorian, Dionysian, Pyanopsian
  • Pythian, Isthmian, and Nemean

5. Women competed in these games, which may predate the Olympics:

  • Delian
  • Hyacinthian
  • Heraean

6. The Hyacinthia was an annual Spartan festival featuring athletic contests. It was held in commemoration of Hyacinth. According to myth, Hyacinth died:

  • By being torn apart by his own dogs after the goddess Artemis turned him into a stag.
  • After being accidently struck with a discus thrown by the god Apollo.
  • By becoming so entranced by his own beautiful reflection that he wasted away.

7. The Great Panathenaea was held every four years in the city of Athens. Besides games, the festival included a torchlit procession to the Acropolis, recitals of epic poems (and later music contests), and a ceremony to commemorate those who had fought in the:

  • Battle of Marathon
  • Siege of Troy
  • Battle of Thermopylae

8. This female warrior was forbidden to accompany Jason on his quest for the golden fleece. However, she was the only Ancient Greek heroine to compete against men in games.

  • Atalanta
  • Medea
  • Alcestis

9. In Homer's Illiad the hero Achilles briefly halts the war on Troy to hold games in honor of:

  • His marriage to Briseis, a captive he had fallen in love with.
  • His beloved friend Patroclus, who had fallen on the battlefield to the Trojan hero Hector.
  • The fall of Troy to the Greek army.

10. According to Greek myth, the Olympic games originated how?

  • They were invented by a young Cretan man named Herakles the Dactyl (not the famous hero), who competed against his brothers in athletic contests.
  • To celebrate the victory of Pelops, who had outwitted King Oinomaos of Pisa and married his daughter. Alternately, the games commemorate the death of King Oinomaos.
  • The fifth labor of Herakles was to clean the stables of King Augeas of Elis. Herakles cleaned the stables, but Augeas reneged on his promise to reward the hero. Herakles later attacked Elis and sacked the city. To celebrate his victory he established the Olympic Games in honor of his father, Zeus.
  • All of the above.

1. The Olympic games were held every four years from 776 B.C. (date of the first recorded Olympics) to:
393 A.D., when the Christian Emperor Theodosius I abolished them.

2. The earliest Olympic games comprised foot races exclusively. What was the first new type of contest to be added to the Games?
Pentathlon

3. Which two city-states vied for control of the Olympic Games?
Elis and Pisa

4. Athletic games were held at funerals, religious celebrations, and other public events. The largest games were attended by citizens of all the Greek city-states, who would declare a truce if they were at war. The Olympic games are the most famous of the four Panhellenic games. Which are the other three?
Pythian, Isthmian, and Nemean

5. Women competed in these games, which may predate the Olympics:
Heraean

6. The Hyacinthia was an annual Spartan festival featuring athletic contests. It was held in commemoration of Hyacinth. According to myth, Hyacinth died:
After being accidently struck with a discus thrown by the god Apollo.

7. The Great Panathenaea was held every four years in the city of Athens. Besides games, the festival included a torchlit procession to the Acropolis, recitals of epic poems (and later music contests), and a ceremony to commemorate those who had fought in the:
Battle of Marathon

8. This female warrior was forbidden to accompany Jason on his quest for the golden fleece. However, she was the only Ancient Greek heroine to compete against men in games.
Atalanta

9. In Homer's Illiad the hero Achilles briefly halts the war on Troy to hold games in honor of:
His beloved friend Patroclus, who had fallen on the battlefield to the Trojan hero Hector.

10. According to Greek myth, the Olympic games originated how?
All of the above.

60% Complete